Figurative art, alternatively known as figurativism, is a style in art forms -predominantly in paintings and sculptures. Figurative paintings and sculptures are evidently replica of real objects. Hence these creations can be defined as representational art. Human figures and even animal figures are quite commonly found as examples of works of this kind. Yet the scope of this style is not confined to the geometric replicas of living beings. In conjunction with abstract forms and styles, any modern art replicating the real world has been referred to this form by the authors of Tate Institute Glossary. According to this viewpoint any figurative works is also representational and abstract creation is a special derivative of the representational art. Moreover, this opinion continues to project that non-representational or non-objective art is certainly not abstract.
The constituents of figurative paintings are truly geometric in nature. The beauty emerges out of this kind of drawings as sole consequence of proper use of lines, shades – light and dark, color, texture, mass, volume and perspective. However, all kinds of drawings are the outcome of all these elements. An implicit conception of shapes derived from natural objects is essential for creating these kinds of paintings. Thus it excludes ancient drawings from Egypt or Greek sculptures for their geometry and unrealistic imaginary forms. According to Ernst Gomrich, Egyptian methods to be figurative as they lack in relevant shape and style and as actually they are depictions of images brought out of memory. Yet around fifth century B.C, the sculptures initiated to adopt both reality and geometry. Visual observation began to gain weightage wit h respect to this style of painting. This style, in past, had sought to join other branches of painting till Impressionism came in vogue. Manet and Courbet created drastic reactions in with their realistic styles against the Neoclassical styles Poussin and Jacques Louis David.